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Types of Central Heating Systems

In buildings and homes the most common standard heating systems in the central heating systems. You can find central heating systems especially used in places with cooler climates. What makes up the system includes a heating unit such as a heat pump, furnace or boiler in a central location.

There are many types of fuel that can be used for the heating unit such as oil, coal, electricity, natural gas, and others. When the central unit heats air, steam or water, it is dispersed throughout the whole building. Units in the outlying spaces such as ductwork, piping, or radiators may be part of the system.

When the building is large, the furnace of boiler is placed in a central location which is usually a furnace room, boiler room, or mechanical room. Basement units or closets called furnace rooms can be had in private homes. Heat pumps can be installed within the building or outside the building. There are heat pumps that are put on a building’s flat roof.
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Piping or ductwork is carried to all parts of the structure form the furnace of boiler. For systems that are forced air units, ductwork carries the heated air to the rooms. For the air to circulate through the ducts into the rooms, the system uses a fan or a blower. Putting a thermostat set within a room or area will allow the amount of heat to be controlled. There are usually filters or air cleaners attached to the system to prevent blowing or forcing dust or mold into the room.
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If a heating system uses hot water to transfer heat then the water is first heated and sent through the piping to the rooms where there are radiators. The radiators heat by convection rather than radiant heat. Radiators are placed on walls or they may be placed within the floor to heat the floor surface. During hot weather, the same ductwork can be used to distribute air conditioning results throughout the building.

Heat circulated by means of fluid needs a pump to equalize the distribution of heat throughout the building. The house hold is also provided with hot water for us with a hot water heat system. There is usually a secondary heat exchanger within a storage container so that the household is supplied with hot water for bathing and dishes.

Radiators or vents should be placed in a good location to ensure the optimum efficiency of the hating system. Near windows or in the coldest parts of the room are the best places to put radiators. A radiator near the window will minimize condensation. Heat near the window sets up the proper air flow to make best use of the heating element. Contrary to popular belief, directing heat away from windows defeats the positive air currents that are required for best efficiency.